Wednesday, September 18, 2013

Belarus to Receive Third Battery of Almaz-Antei Tor-M2 / SA-15 From Russia

According to the Belarusian Defense Minister Yuri Zhadobin, Russia will deliver the third battery of short-range Almaz-Antei Tor-M2 / SA-15 Surface-to-Air Missiles Air Defense Systems before the end of 2013.

The Tor family of SAMs can be used to defend against aircraft, helicopters, unmanned aerial vehicles, cruise missiles, precision-guided munitions and even some ballistic targets.

Belarus already has two batteries of Tor M2 which were delivered in 2011 and 2012. A Tor-M2 battery is supposed to consist of:
  • Four Transporter Erector Launcher And Radar (TELARs)
  • One mobile command post
  • Various support vehicles
The most recent Tor-M2 was preceded by the Tor-M1, each of which carried eight vertical launch cells in the turret with Fakel 9M331 cold-launched missiles:
  • Weight of 165 kg
  • Warhead of 14.5 kg
  • Length of 2.9 m
  • Diameter of 0.23 m
  • Maximum range of 12 km
  • Altitude of 6 km
  • Speed of Mach 2.5
Improvements of the Tor-M2 over its predecessor include:
  • Improved ability to defend fixed infrastructure / installations in addition to protecting mobile armored formations
  • New phased array radar can track up to 48 targets
  • Improved electro-optical tracking system
  • New 9M332 missiles with improved performance
While the original Tor was mounted on a tracked chassis, the Tor-M2 can be mounted on various objects such as wheeled chassis from Kamaz and in particularly the MZKT-6922 family of wheeled vehicles from the Belorussian MZKT (MAZ) in Minsk.

Besides Russia and Belarus, other notable users of the Tor system include Iran and China. A naval version is also in use by certain ships in the Russian Navy.

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